As the United Nations Migration Agency, IOM is increasingly called upon by States to address complex border management challenges and act with its partners in the international community to assist in meeting the growing operational challenges of migration management whilst upholding border security and protecting migrants' fundamental rights.

The Immigration and Border Management (IBM) team benefit from a core group of specialists with substantial technical knowledge who offer guidance and expertise to governments aspiring to improve their migration and border management and operational procedures. The IBM programme helps governments create policy, legislation, administrative structures, operational systems and provide the human resources necessary to respond effectively to diverse migration challenges and introduce efficient migration governance.

Together with relevant international stakeholders, IOM works with Libyan border authorities to enhance their strategic, operational and technical capacities by supporting the development of policy frameworks and by providing capacity building, training and equipment, and improving infrastructure. By enhancing relevant national entities' capacities, IOM aims to equip border authorities to adequately protect migrants and adopt a gender-responsive approach in border management. In April 2020, IOM Libya signed a memorandum of understanding with the European Union Border Assistance Mission in Libya, framing their willingness to cooperate further and coordinate activities towards enhancing the assistance provided to Libyan authorities on integrated border management.