The IOM Community Stabilization (CS) programme has supported local communities in Libya  since  2016,  addressing  drivers  of  instability and conflict, and contributing to the restoration of  normal  social  and  economic  life  for  Libyan  communities  and migrants. Across Libya, the protracted crisis, weak security and poor service delivery has undermined community  cohesion  and  resilience  compounding  political,  social  and  economic  challenges  facing  local  communities. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has increased and exacerbated community-level conflicts, particularly in Southern Libya while unemployment and access to livelihoods are becoming increasingly challenging for youth and women and the pull factors of the illegal economy have proven conducive to increase irregular migration activities and the presence of armed groups.  Under the pressure of this instability, pre-existing tensions between people divided by tribe, race and ethnicity have become increasingly challenging, making the tasks of local governance and fair allocation of government resources ever more difficult. 

Using a community-led approach, the CS programme works to create opportunities for vulnerable groups, create constructive interaction among divided and competing groups,  building trust and increase personal and community resilience. IOM achieves this by employing    a participatory methodology that brings together local communities, tribal and community leaders and civil society organizations (CSOs) from diverse backgrounds to identify and prioritize targeted interventions that respond to community needs, including infrastructure projects and the provision of equipment to improve basic services. 

Through three pillars of intervention, the objective of this approach is to:

  • support local authorities to restore services and community infrastructure,
  • strengthen social cohesion and community engagement and
  • promote livelihoods opportunities for vulnerable community members

Interventions are designed on the recommendation of in-deep feasibility and conflict sensitivity assessments in each location, to take into account local and national dynamics, stakeholder, risks and opportunities, needs of communities including marginalized groups.