The availability of reliable data on migration and internal displacement is of crucial importance in Libya, for policy makers and humanitarian responders alike. At the same time, accurate information to allow stakeholders to identify needs and gaps, inform strategic planning and prompt operational responses has become increasingly difficult due to the unstable situation the country has been facing for the past years. 

The increased demand for migration related policy and programme development in this challenging context often requires extensive data on the presence of migrants in Libya, their profiles and related trends. Although data collection related to migration in and through Libya is undertaken by various international organizations, these initiatives typically take place in the context of specific research projects or ad-hoc humanitarian programming. 

To fill this void, IOM introduced its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) to Libya in 2016. DTM is a system to track and monitor locations where internally displaced people (IDPs), returnees and migrants move to and from, for which reasons and under what conditions. It is designed to regularly and systematically capture, process, and disseminate information to provide humanitarian actors with a better understanding of the movements and evolving needs of migrants and displaced populations, and also to support the host government in related areas of work; this also includes technical assistance related to information management for Libyan line ministries. 

The availability of country-wide migration trends is critical to enable policymakers at national and regional levels to design evidence-based policies and to allow humanitarian responders to identify geographic and thematic priority areas. DTM’s bi-monthly information packages on migrants and IDPs aim to provide a common operating picture for both policy discussions and longer-term humanitarian response planning.