Libya remains a destination country along the Central Mediterranean migration route, but also a key transit location and starting point for those attempting to cross the Mediterranean Sea. While work is underway for defining the future comprehensive, integrated border management system and Search and Rescue (SAR) architecture to be implemented in the country, national authorities remain challenged by difficulties related to the availability of adequate infrastructure, human resources and effective procedures that would enable them to handle major cross-border flows of irregular migrants and counter human smuggling networks.

IOM is called upon, together with its international partners and in coordination with Libyan national authorities, to provide assistance in addressing the complex challenges of migration management in the country. To prevent further unnecessary and tragic deaths at sea and alleviate the suffering of migrants embarking upon the dangerous voyage across the Sahara desert, IOM’s Search and Rescue Programme provides a tailored mechanism to provide protection-oriented and human rights-based assistance to migrants upon disembarkation and those rescued in the desert.

IOM coordinates its engagement with other organizations within the United Nations in Libya, with the humanitarian and donors’ community, and other IOM offices around the Mediterranean region, including the IOM Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (GMDAC).