According to the 2021 Humanitarian Needs Overview for Libya there are 1.3 million people in need, over a third of which are migrants, internally displaced persons (IDPs) and returnees. The HNO confirms that migrants in general have more severe needs, compared to other groups of concern, and represent nearly a third of all people in the extreme need categories. IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has identified a critical need for non-food items (NFIs) to respond to the increased needs of vulnerable groups. In 2021, NFIs continue to be the second highest priority need for migrants and returnee informants and the fourth highest need for internally displaced people (IDPs). The number of Libyan returnees has increased significantly since the ceasefire agreement in October 2020, with persons returning to damaged houses, diminished infrastructure and having limited access to basic services.
Since January 2021, there has also been a marked increase in migrants rescued at sea and disembarked in Libyan ports and a sharp increase of migrants placed in detention. There have been increased incidents of migrant eviction, xenophobic attack and raid reported in several locations, which have affected migrant mobility and ability to access essential goods and services. Migrants’ livelihoods have been disproportionately affected by COVID-19, while displaced households and returnees also continued to face hardship. DTM has identified cost as the common obstacle to accessing NFIs for people in need of assistance in 97 municipalities across Libya.
With the escalation of conflict and increased movement of populations, the needs for NFIs in Libya have increased overall since the advent of the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020. NFIs include bedding, household kits, such as kitchen utensils and season appropriate clothing kits, to assist vulnerable persons to live with dignity. The need for NFIs remains underfunded in Libya and IOM as one of the major contributors in the Shelter/NFI sector faces a shortage of NFI supplies to be able to respond to the critical needs of vulnerable populations in 2021-2022.