The IOM Community Stabilization (CS) programme has supported local communities in Libya since 2016, addressing drivers of instability and conflict, and contributing to the restoration of normal social and economic life for Libyan communities and migrants. Across Libya, the protracted crisis, weak security and poor service delivery has undermined community cohesion and resilience compounding political, social and economic challenges facing local communities. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has increased and exacerbated community-level conflicts, particularly in Southern Libya while unemployment and access to livelihoods are becoming increasingly challenging for youth and women and the pull factors of the illegal economy have proven conducive to increase irregular migration activities and the presence of armed groups. Under the pressure of this instability, pre-existing tensions between people divided by tribe, race and ethnicity have become increasingly challenging, making the tasks of local governance and fair allocation of government resources ever more difficult.
Using a community-led approach, the CS programme works to create opportunities for vulnerable groups, create constructive interaction among divided and competing groups, building trust and increase personal and community resilience. IOM achieves this by employing a participatory methodology that brings together local communities, tribal and community leaders and civil society organizations (CSOs) from diverse backgrounds to identify and prioritize targeted interventions that respond to community needs, including infrastructure projects and the provision of equipment to improve basic services.
Through three pillars of intervention, the objective of this approach is to:
- support local authorities to restore services and community infrastructure,
- strengthen social cohesion and community engagement and
- promote livelihoods opportunities for vulnerable community members
Interventions are designed on the recommendation of in-deep feasibility and conflict sensitivity assessments in each location, to take into account local and national dynamics, stakeholder, risks and opportunities, needs of communities including marginalized groups.