Humanitarian Voluntary Return (HVR) and Reintegration Assistance
So far in 2017, IOM Libya has assisted 4,030 stranded migrants to return home from Libya through its voluntary humanitarian return (VHR) programme.
In 2016, IOM supported 2,777 migrants to voluntarily return to their countries of origin with priority given to those most vulnerable. Around twenty percent of this caseload was also provided with reintegration assistance. This repatriation program includes individual counselling and vulnerability screening, immediate direct assistance, assistance to obtain travel documents and other consular services, pre-departure health checks, coordination with countries of origin for specific assistance to returnees and victims of trafficking and arrival assistance and reintegration assistance.
Return Program Components
- Pre-departure: The first step of each return project is establishing contact with embassies, community leaders and detention centres to get in touch with migrants interested in IOM return support. IOM offers screening interviews, fit to travel medical checks and travel documents (through embassies). IOM also coordinates with the Libyan authority in charge of the exit visas and facilitates the safe and dignified return of stranded migrants via commercial flight or charter flight in case of a bigger caseload.
- Departure Assistance: On the day of departure, returnees are assisted at the airport by IOM staff that provide them with IOM plastic bags, for easy recognition by the IOM airport assistants. Every migrant receives a non-food item kit and medical/operational travel escorts will be provided when necessary (for example health cases etc.).
- Arrival Assistance: The IOM airport assistant in the countries of origin receives the migrants and instructs the returnees on the most suitable time/procedure to contact the reintegration focal point to finalize the reintegration procedures.
- Monitoring Phase: Each returnee, entitled for reintegration assistance, is monitored as follows: 1. After one month from inception of reintegration via phone; 2. After four months from inception of reintegration: all returnees are also monitored on-site.