In order to prevent further unnecessary and tragic deaths at sea and to alleviate the suffering of desperate migrants embarking upon the dangerous voyage across the Mediterranean Sea, IOM is implement appropriate programming. Working together with the Libyan Coast Guard (LCG), the Libyan Directorate for Combating Illegal Migration (DCIM), the Italian Coast Guard, and other relevant actors, IOM is establishing Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) to provide assistance to migrants rescued at sea. The SOPs will include best measures to promote successful identification of those who die or go missing at sea. This can involve including questions on the missing/dead in interviews with survivors, retrieval of bodies, as well as proper management of bodies to improve the likelihood of identification. The SOPs will refer to the assistance to be provided upon disembarkation after search and rescue (SAR) operations, procedures for the safe disembarkation of migrants from smugglers’ vessels, provision of immediate assistance for men, women and children, vulnerability screenings and identification protocols, referrals to access further assistance, and other sustainable solutions.

Delivery of life saving equipment to Tripoli main port in November 2016
©Jawashi_IOM 2016

Direct assistance intervention following a rescue at sea operation on
21 July 2016 outside Tajoura

IOM Libya at the Tripoli port in November 2016 ©Jawashi_IOM 2016


IOM will provide capacity building support including training, infrastructure and equipment support to the Libyan Coast Guard and other stakeholders for implementation at three designated points of disembarkation around Tripoli and in the West of the country.

IOM Libya distributes Hygiene Kits to rescued migrants 21 July outside

IOM Libya in Tripoli with Dutch and German Ambassadors
©Jawashi_IOM 2016

The Ambassador of the Netherlands to Libya hands over a life vest to
the Libyan Coast Guard ©Jawashi_IOM 2016


In addition, IOM will provide immediate direct assistance to migrants intercepted at sea which will include triage, health care, referral services, food, and non-food items. Migrants will be medically screened, registered, and classified based upon vulnerability, referred to immediate assistance if needed, and informed and educated about the Humanitarian Repatriation and Reintegration program, which would support migrants return to their countries of origin.